How to Cross Stitch
Counted cross stitch is easy to learn!
Counted cross stitch transfer a design from a printed graph onto
evenweave fabric. The stitcher uses embroidery floss to place X's on
the fabric corresponding to symbols on the chart. Each symbol on the
chart represents one X on the fabric. The different styles of symbols
on the chart represent different colors of floss. Cross stitch is easy
to learn and requires only a few supplies.
These supplies include: graph, evenweave fabric, needle, floss,
embroidery hoop, scissors. (See the section Cross Stitcher's Terms)
Choosing Your Fabric:
There are dozens of fabrics to choose from. They will all work, so
you just have to decide on what you like. White or ivory Aida 14 is
the most common and 14 count is an easy fabric to start on. The number
of stitches per inch will determine the finished size of the design. A
design that is 28 stitches wide stitched on Aida 14 (14 stitches per
inch fabric) will be 2" wide. The same design will be 2 1/2" wide on
Aida 11, and 1 1/4" stitched on hardanger (22 stitches per inch).
Thankfully, most designs show design sizes for different counts of
fabrics. Be sure to allow extra fabric for finishing (at least 4"
extra on length and width).
Find the center of the graph. For most patterns this is shown with
arrows or a bold line. Next, find the center of your fabric. An easy
way to do this to fold the fabric in half vertically and "pinch" with
your finger to make a small crease. Open the fabric, fold in half
horizontally and make another "pinch". Open the fabric up. The two
creases will mark the center of the fabric. Most stitchers like to
start stitching close to the center of the design.
Knots on the back will show through, so do not use any knots to
start or end. To begin stitching, bringing the threaded needle up from
the back of the fabric leaving about a 1" tail of thread behind the
fabric. Stitch the next 5 or 6 stitches over the tail. Clip off extra
thread. To end off, weave your needle back through the last 5 or 6
stitches and clip the thread short so as not to leave a loose tail.
There are two methods. The first method is to work a row of half stitches (//////), then work back (\\\\\\\) to complete the X's. Use this method for most stitching. the second method is to complete each X as you go.
It is important that all the X's are crossed in the same
direction. That is, the top thread of the X should always slant in the
same direction either (\ or /). It does not matter which may they
slant, but if they are mixed the finished piece will look uneven.
Relax as you stitch. Your stitches should lay flat on your fabric and not distort the holes or the fabric.
Backstitching is a running stitch (not an X) used to outline an
area or to form lettering. Normally you use one less stand of floss for
backstitching than you use for cross stitching.
Carrying Your Thread
Sometimes a colour will have only a few stitches and then "jump" to
another area. Most of the time you should end off and start again,
other times you can carry the thread along the back. Just jumping from
area to area is easier than starting and stopping, but sometimes the
thread will show through. This can be a problem if you jump a dark
thread over a unstitched area of light fabric. In general, you can
carry the thread to another area if the jump is short, the floss color
is light, and you are jumping over a previously stitched area.
When your stitching is complete, wash in cool water using a mild
liquid detergent. Rinse well. Do not wring, but roll in a clean towel
to absorb most of the water. While still damp, place face down on a
terry towel. Place another cloth on top of the needlework and press
lightly with a warm iron. Let dry. Then frame or finish as desired.
(excerpt from Learn How to Cross Stitch by Yarn Tree)